chartwell gallery

Quality Picture framing in Southend since 1977


Conservation Framing of Embroidery

Cross Stitch

Cross Stitch needs to be stretched over a conservation board.  We glue the Conservation board to a 3.5mm foam board which makes a stable base to stretch the fabric, and enables the use of T-pins to be inserted through the fabric and into the side of the foam board. The cross stitch is firstly centered on the board with T-pins inserted at the center points of the four sides. The fabric is then pulled square with an even tension, inserting T-pins every five or six threads, working along the fabric line. It is important that a double mount or spacer be used to prevent the fabric from touching the glass.

We use conservation tape to seal the glass to the foam board package, which prevents the intrusion of dust and insects. A solid 3mm medium density board is used as a final backing board and this is fixed to the frame and sealed with a long lasting gum paper tape. Finally felt pads are placed on the bottom corners to give a space between the picture and wall, to promote air circulation. The pads also grip the wall making constant level adjustments unnecessary.

Care and Display

Embroideries should not be hung in areas of possible high humidity, or above a heat source such as a radiator.

Glass is a poor conductor of energy, and sudden changes of room temperature can cause condensation on the inside of the glass. The embroidery fabric is very absorbent, and the danger is that moisture can cause the fabric to lose its tension. High humidity conditions will also have a detrimental effect on the fabric. The use of double mounts or a spacer between the fabric and glass greatly reduces the effects of condensation.



Protect with UV Filtered Glass

We recommend UV Filtered Glass to protect embroideries from fading.  It has a filter on the side facing the Fabric. This absorbs 99% of the damaging UV energy that exists just beyond the violet end of the visible spectrum. It is important to realize that UV Glass does not offer complete protection, and Cross Stitch and all other types of embroidery should still be shielded from direct and excessive sunlight.  UV is defined as energy within the 300-400 nanometer range. Light transmits energy into the atoms of the objects it strikes. This energy excites the atoms and transforms them into new substances, which appears in fabrics as fading and degradation of threads.

embroidery with beads

Needlepoint

Needlepoint is a type of embroidery on canvas using wool yarns. We stretch the needlepoint onto a conservation board glued to a 3mm medium density board which makes a strong support, however large needlepoints can be stretched like paintings onto stretcher bars. This reduces the overall weight and also If the needlepoint goes slack the wooden wedges can be tapped in to expand the bars slightly pulling the canvas taught. Sometimes needlepoints require squaring prior to stretching if the canvas is badly out of square. This is achieved by dampening the yarns so they become more pliable, and fixing the needlepoint on a wooden base until dry, after which it can be easily stretched square.

Care and Display

Needlepoints can be framed without glass however most people like to protect the fabric from dirt and insects. Glass should not rest directly on top of the needlepoint. A spacer or double mount should be employed to give a space between fabric and glass. This ensures that any condensation that forms on the inside of the glass due to sudden temperature changes will not easily be absorbed into the needlework.
Wool is sensitive to sunlight, ultraviolet light will degrade the fibres, therefore it is important that Needlepoint is not placed opposite windows, or under spotlight, and fluorescent lights.  As with other types of embroidery we recommend a UV filtered Glass to protect from fading and degrading of the fabric.

Needlepoint should also not be hung in areas of possible high humidity, or above a heat source such as a radiator.

large Chinese silk embroidery

Silk Embroideries

Silk is a natural protein fiber made from material extruded from the silkworm caterpillar as it spins its cocoon. Silk is lightweight and strong however it is weaker when wet therefore it is best to dry clean if necessary. We stretch silk designs onto a conservation board and foamboard.  Pins are inserted at regular intervals into the foamboard to apply the required tension in the silk. Glass should not rest directly on the silk so mounts or a spacer must be used.  Sunlight degrades the silk fibres turning them brittle and weak.  Large silks require a wooden frame support and are sometimes left un-glazed.  It is important to decide on an appropriate position to hang a silk design, less light is best and even better protect with UV filtered glass.

framed peacock embroidery

Peacock Embroidery, Design & Copyright by Jayne Netley-Mayhew.
Embroidered by Mrs Sylvia Gibson
www.jaynenetleymayhew.com 

This embroidery was stretched onto a 5mm conservation foamboard using 'T' Pins along the grain of the fabric to get it perfectly square. The glass must not lie directly on top of the embroidery, therefore a black spacer was used under the rebate of the frame to give an air space of approximately 3mm.





framed peacock embroidery design by Joan Elliott

Swirling Peacock Embroidery, Design & Copyright by Joan A Elliott.
Embroidered by Mrs Sylvia Gibson


This embroidery was stretched onto a 5mm conservation foamboard using 'T' Pins along the grain of the fabric to get it perfectly square. The glass must not lie directly on top of the embroidery, therefore a black spacer was used under the rebate of the frame to give an air space of approximately 3mm.


 

Applique Embroidery

 

A technique of  building layers of cut out fabric shapes onto a background fabric.  A single layer or several overlapping layers may be done.
The most common method of applying these layers is by stitching.  Derived from the French word 'appliquer', to put on , or layer.

Information supplied from 'Needlework Framing' by Vivian C Kistler CPF - ISBN 0-938655-02-7
using 't' pins to stretch an embroidery
framed embroidery design by Joan Elliott
framed applique embroidery
framed guitar needlepoint
framed lion embroidery